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UIS STATISTICS IN BRIEF
 
Education (all levels) profile - Spain
North America and Western Europe
  General information
  2011
Total population (000)
  46 455
Annual population growth rate (%) ^
  0.2
Population 0-14 years (%)
  15
Rural population (%) ^
  23
Total fertility rate (births per woman) ^
  1.4
Infant mortality rate (0/00) ^
  4
Life expectancy at birth (years) ^
  82
HIV rate (%) in adults (15-49 years) ^
  0.4
Poverty (% of pop. on less than $2 a day) ^
  ...
GDP per capita (PPP) US$  ^
  32 087
GDP growth rate (%) ^
  0.4
Total debt service as a % of GNI ^
  ...
Children of primary school-age who are out of school  (%)
 (1987) 1

  Participation in education
Percentages of children in school are represented by Gross Enrolment Ratios (GER) and Net Enrolment Ratios (NER). GER is the number of pupils enrolled in a given level of education regardless of age expressed as a percentage of the population in the theoretical age group for that level of education. The GER may be greater than 100% when students younger or older than the official age for a given level of education are enrolled in that level. NER is the number of pupils in the theoretical age group who are enrolled expressed as a percentage of the same population.
 
Pre-primary enrolment
Pre-primary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
GER
(%)
MF
  77
  99
  107
  127
 (**) 85
M
  76
  99
  107
  127
 (**) 85
F
  78
  99
  107
  127
 (**) 86
127% of children are enrolled in pre-primary school
Primary enrolment
100% of girls and 100% of boys are in primary school
Primary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
 GER
(%)
MF
  106
  106
  105
  104
 (**) 103
M
  107
  107
  105
  105
 (**) 103
F
  106
  105
  104
  104
 (**) 103
  NER 
(%)
 MF
  100
  100
  100
  100
 (**) 97
M
  ...
  100
  100
  100
 (**) 96
F
  ...
  100
  100
  100
 (**) 97

Secondary enrolment
96% of girls and 94% of boys are in secondary school
Secondary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
GER
(%)
MF
  104
  109
  113
  129
 (**) 103
M
  101
  106
  109
  128
 (**) 103
F
  108
  112
  116
  129
 (**) 103
NER
(%)
 MF
  ...
  88
  92
  95
 (**) 91
M
  ...
  87
  90
  94
 (**) 91
F
  ...
  89
  93
  96
 (**) 92
Tertiary enrolment
83% of the population of tertiary age are in tertiary education
Tertiary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
GER
(%)
 MF
  37
  56
  62
  83
 (**) 77
M
  36
  51
  57
  74
 (**) 66
F
  39
  61
  68
  91
 (**) 87

  Progression and completion in education
 2011
School life expectancy ISCED 1-6 (years)
  17.1
Percentage of repeaters, primary (%)
  3
Survival rate to grade 5 (%)
  98
Gross intake rate to last grade of primary (%)
  102
Primary to secondary transition rate (%)
 (2009) 94
102% of children complete a full course of primary
The gross intake rate to last grade of primary may be greater than 100% when students younger or older than the theoretical entrance age enter the last grade.

  Resources for education
 2011
Pupil / teacher ratio (primary)
  12
Public expenditure on education :
     as % of GDP
 (2010) 5.0
     as % of total government expenditure
 (2010) 10.7
Distribution of public expenditure per level (%) - 2010 :
     pre-primary
  14
     primary
  27
     secondary
  38
     tertiary
  21
     unknown
  -
10.7% of government spending goes to education
Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. 

 Literacy rates
Literacy rates 1991 2009 2011
Regional average
  Adult
(15+)
%
MF
  96.5
  97.7
  ...
M
  98.0
  98.5
  ...
F
  95.1
  96.9
  ...
  Youth 
(15-24)
%
 MF
  99.6
  99.6
  ...
M
  99.5
  99.6
  ...
F
  99.6
  99.6
  ...
97.7% of adults and 99.6% of youth are literate
Symbols used:
Footnotes:
All the education statistics, with the exception of the literacy data, refer to the year 2011 unless otherwise noted. For more information on rates of out of school children, or other indicators see the online education glossary.
** UIS estimation
^ World Bank World Development Indicators