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UIS STATISTICS IN BRIEF
 
Education (all levels) profile - Rwanda
Sub-Saharan Africa
  General information
  2011
Total population (000)
  10 943
Annual population growth rate (%) ^
  3.0
Population 0-14 years (%)
  43
Rural population (%) ^
  81
Total fertility rate (births per woman) ^
  5.3
Infant mortality rate (0/00) ^
  38
Life expectancy at birth (years) ^
  55
HIV rate (%) in adults (15-49 years) ^
  2.9
Poverty (% of pop. on less than $2 a day) ^
  82
GDP per capita (PPP) US$  ^
  1 282
GDP growth rate (%) ^
  8.3
Total debt service as a % of GNI ^
  0.3
Children of primary school-age who are out of school  (%)
  2

  Participation in education
Percentages of children in school are represented by Gross Enrolment Ratios (GER) and Net Enrolment Ratios (NER). GER is the number of pupils enrolled in a given level of education regardless of age expressed as a percentage of the population in the theoretical age group for that level of education. The GER may be greater than 100% when students younger or older than the official age for a given level of education are enrolled in that level. NER is the number of pupils in the theoretical age group who are enrolled expressed as a percentage of the same population.
 
Pre-primary enrolment
Pre-primary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
GER
(%)
MF
  ...
  ...
  ...
  12
 (**) 18
M
  ...
  ...
  ...
  12
 (**) 18
F
  ...
  ...
  ...
  12
 (**) 18
12% of children are enrolled in pre-primary school
Primary enrolment
100% of girls and 97% of boys are in primary school
Primary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
 GER
(%)
MF
  75
  103
  119
  128
 (**) 101
M
  76
  106
  122
  126
 (**) 105
F
  75
  101
  116
  130
 (**) 98
  NER 
(%)
 MF
  ...
  82
  85
  98
 (**) 77
M
  ...
  83
  86
  97
 (**) 79
F
  ...
  82
  85
  100
 (**) 75

Secondary enrolment
Secondary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
GER
(%)
MF
  16
  9
  12
  32
 (**) 41
M
  18
  9
 (**) 12
  31
 (**) 45
F
  15
  9
 (**) 11
  32
 (**) 37
NER
(%)
 MF
  ...
  ...
  ...
  ...
  ...
M
  ...
  ...
  ...
  ...
  ...
F
  ...
  ...
  ...
  ...
  ...
Tertiary enrolment
7% of the population of tertiary age are in tertiary education
Tertiary 1991 1999 2002 2011 2011
Regional average
GER
(%)
 MF
  ...
  1
  2
  7
 (**) 8
M
  ...
  ...
  2
  8
 (**) 10
F
  ...
  ...
  1
  6
 (**) 6

  Progression and completion in education
 2011
School life expectancy ISCED 1-6 (years)
  9.9
Percentage of repeaters, primary (%)
  14
Survival rate to grade 5 (%)
  52
Gross intake rate to last grade of primary (%)
 (2012) 58
Primary to secondary transition rate (%)
  78

The gross intake rate to last grade of primary may be greater than 100% when students younger or older than the theoretical entrance age enter the last grade.

  Resources for education
 2011
Pupil / teacher ratio (primary)
  58
Public expenditure on education :
     as % of GDP
  4.8
     as % of total government expenditure
  18.2
Distribution of public expenditure per level (%) - 2011 :
     pre-primary
  0
     primary
  37
     secondary
  36
     tertiary
  20
     unknown
  7
18.2% of government spending goes to education
Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. 

 Literacy rates
Literacy rates 1991 2011 2011
Regional average
  Adult
(15+)
%
MF
  57.9
  ...
  59.1
M
  ...
  ...
  68.1
F
  ...
  ...
  50.6
  Youth 
(15-24)
%
 MF
  74.9
  ...
  69.5
M
  ...
  ...
  75.6
F
  ...
  ...
  63.7

Symbols used:
Footnotes:
All the education statistics, with the exception of the literacy data, refer to the year 2011 unless otherwise noted. For more information on rates of out of school children, or other indicators see the online education glossary.
** UIS estimation
^ World Bank World Development Indicators